The feast of unleavened bread

 

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Exodus 23:

15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:)

 

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Consecration of the Firstborn

 

 

Exodus 13:
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.
 
(Exo 12:14–20 )
 

Exodus 13:

And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.
This day came ye out in the month Abib.
And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month.
Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD.
Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.
And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.
And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD'S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt.
10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year.
11 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee,
12 That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the LORD'S.
13 And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem.
14 And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage:
15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.
16 And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.
 
 

God Leads the People

(Exo 40:34–38; Num 9:15–23; 1Ki 8:10, 11 )
Exodus 13:
17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt:
18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.
19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.
20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.
21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:
22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

 

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD

 

Exodus 12:

14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.

18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.

21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover.

22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

 

A Memorial of Redemption

 

Exodus 12:
23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.

25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.

26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service?

27 That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

(Exo 11:1–10 )

29 And it came to pass, that at midnight יְהֹוָה smote all the firstborn (Tutankhamun died at age 18; also called that there is a curse) in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh (Amenhotep III: he had also other names and titles) that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.

30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said.

32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.

 

Who was the Pharaoh of the Exodus

THE DEATH OF TUTANKHAMUN and THE EXODUS-

Battle for the Firstborn"

 

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8 Titles:

Amenhotep III

When he died in the 38th or 39th year of his reign, his son initially ruled as Amenhotep IV, but then changed his own royal name to Akhenaten.

 

Thoetmosis IV

after his father Thutmose IV died. Amenhotep III was Thutmose's son by a minor wife, Mutemwiya.[6]

 

Akhenaten

Before the fifth year of his reign, he was known as Amenhotep IV (Ancient Egyptian: jmn-ḥtp, meaning "Amun is satisfied", Hellenized as Amenophis IV).

 

Smenkhkare

 

Neferneferuaten

 

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Amenhotep III Father of King Tuth

Tutankhamun

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Cornflowers

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AMENHOTEP III AND THE EXODUS:
ECHOES OF THE BIBLICAL NARRATIVE FROM
EGYPT’S GOLDEN AGE
IRA FRIEDMAN

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Battle for the first born

Scholars, even Biblical scholars say the Exodus either never took place or didn’t happen as the Biblical story states. But one man, Ron Wyatt, believed the Bible held the answers and all evidence should be interpreted with the Scriptures as the foundation.

 

Now, for the first time, complete documentation of the Exodus which fits the Biblical account perfectly is available. “Battle for the Firstborn” documents Ron's research and fieldwork which led to:

 

  • The identity of Joseph in ancient Egypt and the exciting evidence of the center of the selling of grain to all the nations during the great famine
  • The identity of “pharaoh’s daughter” who rescued Moses
  • The identity of the amazing young man in ancient Egypt who fits the profile of Moses perfectly
  • The identity of Moses’ parents and their tomb which tells the exciting story of Moses “refusing to be called son of pharaoh’s daughter”
  • The location of the Red Sea crossing and how Ron determined the exact location
  • The identity of the pharaoh who drowned in the Red Sea
  • The identity of the firstborn son of the Exodus pharaoh, whose life was taken by the “angel of death”,- Tutankhamun, or “King Tut”
  • The picture of chaos revealed by the tomb of ‘King Tut”
  • The internal strife within Egypt after the Exodus which almost led to its demise
  • The story of the discovery of the real Mount Sinai and the 75 days Ron and his sons spent in prison in Saudi Arabia, accused of being Israeli spies after being betrayed by a friend
  • The battle for the truth about the evidence at ancient Jericho

 

Based on his discoveries in the Red Sea and his study of ancient Egypt, Ron was convinced the Exodus took place during the 18th Dynasty. Some early scholars also believed the 18th Dynasty was most likely the correct dynasty but the accepted number of years for each pharaoh didn’t work in the timeline.

 

Then, when Ron did his research, he noticed something which changed everything. Because of alternating similar names in the ancient Egyptian “kings lists”, he came to a startling conclusion. He believed the pharaohs of the 18th Dynasty had different names when they were co-regent and then when they became the emperor pharaoh- but they were the same person. This meant that the long list of pharaohs was shortened as the years of a pharaoh’s coregency was contained in his list of years as the emperor pharaoh.

 

Ron tasked his wife, Mary Nell, with documenting his beliefs concerning the Exodus. Mary Nell approached the task by first laying out a timeline based on the Bible and the ancient Egyptian evidence found on monuments, tomb walls and inscriptions. Next, the search for original data, untainted by theories and preconceived notions, took many years to gather and examine in the context of the Biblical account. What she discovered as she worked on the timeline was that it fit the events of the Exodus perfectly. 

 

“Battle for the Firstborn” lays out the evidence. It also tells the exciting story of how Ron discovered the true Mount Sinai in Saudi Arabia.

 

The story of how these discoveries were made points to the Divine origin of their revelation. Ron never took any credit. He believed our Creator preserved all these things for this particular time in earth’s history and he had the great honor of participating in the work of uncovering these great evidences. He also believed that part of his responsibility in presenting these discoveries was to present the significance they have for us today. They verify the complete accuracy of the Bible which will strengthen the faith of believers. And hopefully, non-believers will see the precise truth of the Scriptures and decide to accept the great offer of salvation and eternal life.

 

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Rash intruders? Howard Carter and an Egyptian assistant examine the sarcophagus of Tutankhamun. Bridgeman/Leemage

 

Late in 1922 the British archaeologist Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, who died in 1323 BC aged about 18, in the Valley of the Kings, across the Nile from Luxor in Egypt. Pharaohs had been buried there from the 16th to the 11th centuries BC. Most of the tombs had been plundered from early times and Tutankhamun’s was the first to be found almost entirely undisturbed. The 5th Earl of Carnarvon, a keen amateur Egyptologist who was financing the project, joined Carter and his team to enter the burial chambers, where they found the young pharaoh’s mummified body and a wealth of religious objects, wall paintings and inscriptions as well as equipment he would need in the afterlife.

The discovery created a worldwide press sensation and stories spread about a curse on anyone who dared to break into a pharaoh’s tomb. The Times in London and New York World magazine published the best-selling novelist Marie Corelli’s speculations that ‘the most dire punishment follows any rash intruder into a sealed tomb’. It was not long before Lord Carnarvon died in Cairo aged 56 and the lights in the city went out, which set off a frenzy of speculation. Arthur Conan Doyle told the American press that ‘an evil elemental’ spirit created by priests to protect the mummy could have caused Carnarvon’s death.

No curse had actually been found in the tomb, but deaths in succeeding years of various members of Carter’s team and real or supposed visitors to the site kept the story alive, especially in cases of death by violence or in odd circumstances. Alleged victims of the curse included Prince Ali Kamel Fahmy Bey of Egypt, shot dead by his wife in 1923; Sir Archibald Douglas Reid, who supposedly X-rayed the mummy and died mysteriously in 1924; Sir Lee Stack, the governor-general of the Sudan, who was assassinated in Cairo in 1924; Arthur Mace of Carter’s excavation team, said to have died of arsenic poisoning in 1928; Carter’s secretary Richard Bethell, who supposedly died smothered in his bed in 1929; and his father, who committed suicide in 1930.

Most people who worked in or visited the tomb lived long lives, but this did not undermine belief in the curse by those who wanted to believe it. Carter himself angrily dismissed the whole curse idea as ‘tommy rot’, but when he died solitary and miserably unhappy of Hodgkin’s disease in his London flat in March 1939 at the age of 64, the story of the mummy’s curse sprang back to life in his obituaries and it has persisted to this day.

 

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The face and feet of Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun

 

Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun's mummified face and feet have been revealed in an incredible series of photos following a nine-year restoration of his tomb.

After almost a decade of painstaking work, conservators in Egypt repaired the newly restored tomb of the Pharaoh, better known as King Tut.

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They shared a series of images of the tomb - but the most striking photos showed the Pharaoh's mummified face and feet. 

The mummified body of King Tut, who died at the aged 18, was wrapped in linen and displayed in a climate-controlled glass case in his underground tomb. 

The tomb is in the Valley of the Kings, which can be found on the west bank of the Nile, opposite the southern Egyptian city of Luxor.

 

This photo reveals the mummified face and feet of the famous Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun, who died at the age of 18

 

His body was wrapped in linen and displayed in a climate-controlled glass case in his underground tomb in the Valley of Kings

 

Conservators worked for nine years on the famous King's tomb, reconstructing following years wear and tear caused by tourists

 

The sarcophagus of boy pharaoh King Tutankhamun is on display in his newly renovated tomb in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt

 

The photos show the young Pharaoh in his underground tomb in the Valley of Kings, with a viewing platform nearby for tourists

The Getty Conservation Institute, together with  the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities worked for nine years and, in addition to cleaning and restoring the paintings on the walls of the tomb, they focused on tackling the wear and tear that had accumulated following decades of tourist activity.  

Researchers painstakingly cleaned the huge wall art in the tomb - but decided to leave a series of strange mysterious 'dark spots' that were there in 1922 when archaeologist Howard Carter first opened the tomb.

It was thought that brown spots, microbiological growths on the burial chamber's painted walls, might be growing.

However, researchers analyzed historic photographs from the mid-1920s and found they showed no new growth of the spots. 

To confirm this finding, DNA and chemical analysis were undertaken and confirmed the spots to be microbiological in origin but dead and thus no longer a threat.

 

Researchers painstakingly cleaned the huge wall art in the tomb - but decided to leave a series of strange mysterious 'dark spots' that were there in 1922 when archaeologist Howard Carter first opened the tomb

 

He was the son of Akhenaten and took to the throne at the age of nine or ten. He died at around the age of 18 and his cause of death is unknown. 

 

A man uses a camera to take a picture of the linen-wrapped mummy of the 18th dynasty Pharaoh in his underground tomb

 

A woman looks at the golden sarcophagus of the 18th dynasty Pharaoh Tutankhamun  displayed in his burial chamber

Because the spots have penetrated into the paint layer, they have not been removed since this would harm the wall paintings.

When the tomb was discovered in 1922 by archaeologist Howard Carter, under the patronage of Lord Carnarvon, the media frenzy that followed was unprecedented.

Carter and his team took 10 years to clear the tomb of its treasure because of the multitude of objects found within it. 

The latest project was put in place over fears the tomb was being damaged by the sheer number of tourists visiting.

 

For many, Tut embodies ancient Egypt's glory because his tomb was packed with the glittering wealth of the rich 18th Dynasty

 

In 1907, Lord Carnarvon George Herbert asked English archaeologist and Egyptologist Howard Carter to supervise excavations in the Valley of the Kings

 

A man and woman look at the golden sarcophagus of the famed Egyptian ruler, after the years of conservation work on his tomb

 

A group of tourists view the linen-wrapped mummy of of the 18th dynasty Pharaoh Tutankhamun, taking in his mummified body

While the objects Carter's team catalogued and stabilized were housed and secured, the tomb itself became a 'must-see' attraction, open to the public and heavily visited by tourists from around the world.  

The tomb still houses a handful of original objects, including the mummy of Tutankhamun himself (on display in an oxygen-free case), the quartzite sarcophagus with its granite lid on the floor beside it, the gilded wooden outermost coffin, and the wall paintings of the burial chamber that depict Tut's life and death. 

'Conservation and preservation is important for the future and for this heritage and this great civilization to live forever,' said Zahi Hawass, Egyptologist and former minister of State for Antiquities in Egypt, who also initiated the project with the GCI.  

 

A picture taken today shows the feet of the linen-wrapped mummy of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, part of a series of incredible photos released of the ancient King

 

A group of tourists look at the golden sarcophagus of Tutankhamun, who has remained the most popular ancient Egyptian leader

 

When the tomb was discovered in 1922 by archaeologist Howard Carter, under the patronage of Lord Carnarvon, the media frenzy that followed was unprecedented

 

He still remains an immensely popular figure and his tomb remained open to the public during the years of conservation work

 

Wall paintings conservation work being conducted in the burial chamber of the tomb in the spring 2016.

 

The fully restored north wall of the burial chamber depicts three separate scenes, ordered from right to left. In the first, Ay, Tutankhamun's successor, performs the 'opening of the mouth' ceremony on Tutankhamun, who is depicted as Osiris, lord of the underworld. In the middle scene, Tutankhamun, dressed in the costume of the living king, is welcomed into the realm of the gods by the goddess Nut. On the left, Tutankhamun, followed by his ka (spirit twin), is embraced by Osiris.

  

Left, researchers undertaking a visual examination of the wall painting in the burial chamber, and right, Wall paintings conservation work being conducted

WHO WAS KING TUTANKHAMUN AND HOW WAS HIS TOMB DISCOVERED?

  

The face of Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, and ruled between 1332 BC and 1323 BC. Right, his famous gold funeral mask

Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, and ruled between 1332 BC and 1323 BC.

He was the son of Akhenaten and took to the throne at the age of nine or ten.

When he became king, he married his half-sister, Ankhesenpaaten.

He died at around the age of 18 and his cause of death is unknown.

In 1907, Lord Carnarvon George Herbert asked English archaeologist and Egyptologist Howard Carter to supervise excavations in the Valley of the Kings.

On 4 November 1922, Carter's group found steps that led to Tutankhamun's tomb.

He spent several months cataloguing the antechamber before opening the burial chamber and discovering the sarcophagus in February 1923.

When the tomb was discovered in 1922 by archaeologist Howard Carter, under the patronage of Lord Carnarvon, the media frenzy that followed was unprecedented.

Carter and his team took 10 years to clear the tomb of its treasure because of the multitude of objects found within it. 

For many, Tut embodies ancient Egypt's glory because his tomb was packed with the glittering wealth of the rich 18th Dynasty from 1569 to 1315 BC.

 

Egypt's antiquities chief Zahi Hawass (3rd L) supervises the removal of the lid of the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun in his underground tomb in the famed Valley of the Kings in 2007.

 

Video can be accessed at source link below.

 

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