Weights and Measures

Bible Weights and Measurements

All values are approximate.
Many measurements vary by era and location.
Dry Measures


Finger 0.73 inches 1.85 centimeters Jeremiah 52.21
Handbreadth (4 fing.) 2.92 inches 7.4 centimeters Exodus 25:25
Span 9 inches 22.86 centimeters Exodus 28:16
Cubit 18 inches 45.72 centimeters Matthew 6:27
Long Cubit 20.4 inches 51.9 centimeters Ezekiel 40:5
Fathom 6 feet 1.829 meters Acts 27:28
Reed (6 cubits) 8.75 feet 2.73 meters Ezekiel 40:5
Furlong 1/8 mi., 660 feet 201.2 meters Revelation 14:20
Stadion 697 feet 185.4 meters Luke 24:13
Sabbath day’s journey 3/5 mile .9656 kilometers Acts 1:12
Day’s journey 20 miles 20 miles 1 Kings 19:4
Gerah 1/50 ounce 0.567 grams Ezekiel 45:12
Bekah (10 gerahs) 1/5 ounce 5.67 grams Genesis 24:22
Pim (2/3 shekel) 1/3 ounce 9.45 grams 1 Samuel 13.21
Shekel (2 bekahs) 2/5 ounce 11.34 grams Exodus 30:23
Mina (50 shekels) 1.25 pounds 0.567 kg. Ezra 2:69
Talent (60 minas) 75 pounds 34.02 kg. Ezra 8:26
Liquid Measures
Log 0.65 pints 0.31 liters Leviticus 14:10
Kab (4 logs) 2.6 pints 1.2 liters 2 Kings 6:25
Hin (12 logs) 0.98 gallon 3.7 liters Numbers 15:4
Bath (6 hins) 5.9 gallons 22 liters Isaiah 5:10
Homer (10 baths) 59 gallons 220 liters Ezekiel 45:11
Kor (10 baths) 59 gallons 220 liters Ezekiel 45:11
Metretes 10 gallons 37.85 liters John 2:6
Dry Measures
Kab (1/18 ephah) 2.6 pints 1.2 liters 2 Kings 6:25
Omer (1/10 ephah) 2.3 quarts 2.2 liters Exodus 16:36
Seah (1/3 ephah) 7.7 quarts 7.3 liters 2 Kings 7:1
Ephah (10 omers) 0.63 bushels (5.9 gal.) 22 liters Ruth 2:17
Lethech (5 ephaths) 3.16 bushels (29 gal.) 110 liters Hosea 3:2
Homer (10 ephaths) 6.33 bushels (59 gal.) 220 liters Leviticus 27:16
Kor (10 ephaths) 6.33 bushels (59 gal.) 220 liters Ezekiel 45:14
Denarius Day’s wage Matthew 20:2
Drachma Est. 0.035 oz. silver Est. 1 gram silver Luke 15:8
Didrachma (2 Drach.) Est. 0.07 oz. silver Est. 2 grams silver Matthew 17:24
Talent, silver Approx. 100 lb Approx. 45.4 kg Ezra 8:26
Talent, silver (Alternate) Approx. 50 lb Approx. 22.7 kg Ezra 8:26
Talent, gold Approx. 120 lb Approx. 54.4 kg 1 Kings 9:28
Talent, gold (Alternate) Approx. 60 lb Approx. 27.2 kg 1 Kings 9:28
Sunrise 6 AM 06:00 Mark 16:2
First hour 7 AM 07:00
Second hour 8 AM 08:00
Third hour 9 AM 09:00 Matthew 20:3
Fourth hour 10 AM 10:00
Fifth hour 11 AM 11:00
Sixth hour Noon 12:00 Matthew 27:45
Seventh hour 1 PM 13:00 John 4:52
Eighth hour 2 PM 14:00
Ninth hour 3 PM 15:00 Acts 3:1
Tenth hour 4 PM 16:00 John 1:39
Eleventh hour 5 PM 17:00 Matthew 20:6-9
Sunset 6 PM 18:00 Luke 4:40
First watch of night 6 PM - 9 PM 18:00 - 21:00
Second watch 9 PM - midnight 21:00 - 00:00 Luke 12:38
Third watch Midnight - 3 AM 00:00 - 03:00 Luke 12:38
Fourth watch 3 AM - 6 AM 03:00 - 06:00 Matthew 14:25, Mark 6:48

Ezekiel 47:

13 Thus saith the Lord GOD; This shall be the border, whereby ye shall inherit the land according to the twelve tribes of Israel: Joseph shall have two portions.

14 And ye shall inherit it, one as well as another: concerning the which I lifted up mine hand to give it unto your fathers: and this land shall fall unto you for inheritance.

15 And this shall be the border of the land toward the north side, from the great sea, the way of Hethlon, as men go to Zedad;

16 Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim, which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath; Hazarhatticon, which is by the coast of Hauran.

17 And the border from the sea shall be Hazarenan, the border of Damascus, and the north northward, and the border of Hamath. And this is the north side.

18 And the east side ye shall measure from Hauran, and from Damascus, and from Gilead, and from the land of Israel by Jordan, from the border unto the east sea. And this is the east side.
19 And the south side southward, from Tamar even to the waters of strife in Kadesh, the river to the great sea. And this is the south side southward.
20 The west side also shall be the great sea from the border, till a man come over against Hamath. This is the west side.
21 So shall ye divide this land unto you according to the tribes of Israel.

22 And it shall come to pass, that ye shall divide it by lot for an inheritance unto you, and to the strangers that sojourn among you, which shall beget children among you: and they shall be unto you as born in the country among the children of Israel; they shall have inheritance with you among the tribes of Israel.

23 And it shall come to pass, that in what tribe the stranger sojourneth, there shall ye give him his inheritance, saith the Lord GOD.

Exodus 19:
12 Mark off a boundary all around the mountain. Warn the people, ‘Be careful! Do not go up on the mountain or even touch its boundaries. Anyone who touches the mountain will certainly be put to death.
21 Then the LORD told Moses, “Go back down and warn the people not to break through the boundaries to see the LORD, or they will die.


Exodus 23:
31 And I will fix your boundaries from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea,[fn] and from the eastern wilderness to the Euphrates River.[fn] I will hand over to you the people now living in the land, and you will drive them out ahead of you.


Numbers 34:
2 “Give these instructions to the Israelites: When you come into the land of Canaan, which I am giving you as your special possession, these will be the boundaries.
12 and then along the Jordan River to the Dead Sea. These are the boundaries of your land.”


Deuteronomy 32:
8 When the Most High assigned lands to the nations, when he divided up the human race, he established the boundaries of the peoples according to the number in his heavenly court.


Joshua 15:
12 The western boundary was the shoreline of the Mediterranean Sea. These are the boundaries for the clans of the tribe of Judah.


Joshua 18:
20 The eastern boundary was the Jordan River. These were the boundaries of the homeland allocated to the clans of the tribe of Benjamin.


Josshua 19:
18 Its boundaries included the following towns: Jezreel, Kesulloth, Shunem,

25 Its boundaries included these towns: Helkath, Hali, Beten, Acshaph,


Job 38:
8 “Who kept the sea inside its boundaries as it burst from the womb,

Psa 33:
7 He assigned the sea its boundaries and locked the oceans in vast reservoirs.


Psalm 74:
17 You set the boundaries of the earth, and you made both summer and winter.


Proverbs 8:
29 I was there when he set the limits of the seas, so they would not spread beyond their boundaries. And when he marked off the earth's foundations,


Jeremiah 5:
22 Have you no respect for me? Why don't you tremble in my presence? I, the LORD, define the ocean's sandy shoreline
as an everlasting boundary that the waters cannot cross. The waves may toss and roar, but they can never pass the boundaries I set.


Ezekiel 16:
27 That is why I struck you with my fist and reduced your boundaries. I handed you over to your enemies, the Philistines, and even they were shocked by your lewd conduct.


Ezekiel 27:
4 You extended your boundaries into the sea. Your builders made your beauty perfect.


Ezekiel 45:
7 “Two special sections of land will be set apart for the prince. One section will share a border with the east side of the sacred lands and city, and the second section will share a border on the west side. Then the far eastern and western borders of the prince's lands will line up with the eastern and western boundaries of the tribal areas.
15 “These are the boundaries of the land: The northern border will run from the Mediterranean toward Hethlon, then on through Lebo-hamath to Zedad;
21 “Divide the land within these boundaries among the tribes of Israel.


Ezekiel 48:
7 and then Judah, all of whose boundaries extend from east to west.
25 Next is the territory of Issachar with the same eastern and western boundaries.


Micah 2:
5 Others will set your boundaries then, and the LORD's people will have no say in how the land is divided.


Acts 17:
26 From one man he created all the nations throughout the whole earth. He decided beforehand when they should rise and fall, and he determined their boundaries.


2 Corinthians 10:
13 We will not boast about things done outside our area of authority. We will boast only about what has happened within the boundaries of the work God has given us, which includes our working with you.
14 We are not reaching beyond these boundaries when we claim authority over you, as if we had never visited you. For we were the first to travel all the way to Corinth with the Good News of Christ.
15 Nor do we boast and claim credit for the work someone else has done. Instead, we hope that your faith will grow so that the boundaries of our work among you will be extended.


16 foot (5 X 2.50m) bumper pull trailer




Bible                      American/British                     Metric                      Weighttalent75 pounds34 kilogramsmina1 1/4 pounds0.6 kilogramshekel (2 bekas)2/5 ounce11.5 gramspim (2/3 shekel)1/3 ounce7.6 gramsbekah (10 gerahs)1/5 ounce5.5 gramsgerah1/50 ounce0.6 gramDry Capacitycor (homer) (10 ephahs)6 bushels220 literslethek (5 ephahs)3 bushels110 litersephah (10 omers)3/5 bushel22 litersseah (1/3 ephah)7 quarts7.3 litersomer (1/10 ephah)2 quarts2 literscab (1/18 ephah)1 quart1 literLiquid Capacitybath (1 ephah)6 gallons22 litershin (1/6 bath)4 quarts4 literslog (1/72 bath)1/3 quart0.3 literLengthcubit18 inches0.5 meterspan9 inches23 centimetershandbreadth3 inches8 centimetersmeasurevariesvariesmile (Roman)1,618 yards1,479.4992 meters

Note: These conversions of weights and measures are based upon the best, conservative information available to us from ancient sources. It is not possible to be precise and some ancient measures definitely vary.



Bible                        American/British                  Metric
talent                       75 pounds                           34 kilograms
mina                        1 1/4 pounds                       0.6 kilogram
shekel (2 bekas)      2/5 ounce                           11.5 grams
pim (2/3 shekel)       1/3 ounce                           7.6 grams
bekah (10 gerahs)   1/5 ounce                           5.5 grams
gerah                       1/50 ounce                         0.6 gram
Dry Capacity
cor (homer) (10 ephahs)           6 bushels            220 liters
lethek (5 ephahs)                      3 bushels            110 liters
ephah (10 omers)                    3/5 bushel              22 liters
seah (1/3 ephah)                       7 quarts               7.3 liters
omer (1/10 ephah)                     2 quarts               2 liters
cab (1/18 ephah)                         1 quart                 1 liter
Liquid Capacity
bath (1 ephah)                          6 gallons                22 liters
hin (1/6 bath)                           4 quarts                   4 liters
log (1/72 bath)                        1/3 quart                 0.3 liter
cubit                         18 inches                          0.5 meter
span                         9 inches                           23 centimeters
handbreadth             3 inches                           8 centimeters
measure varies varies
mile (Roman)           1,618 yards                      1,479.4992 meters

Note: These conversions of weights and measures are based upon the best, conservative information available to us from ancient sources. It is not possible to be precise and some ancient measures definitely vary.